How to Avoid COVID-19 Infection

March 31, 2020

The Novel Coronavirus now named COVID-19 first emerged in the Hubei Province, Wuhan, China in December 2019 with initial reports of a mysterious illness that causes respiratory-related problems and at worse death to those infected. Symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath and less common symptoms include muscle pain, diarrhea, sore throat, and sputum production.

Elderly and those with preexisting medical conditions like diabetes, asthma, hypertension, etc. are identified as high-risk patients once they get infected with the COVID-19 virus. Fast forward a few months from December of 2019 and the World Health Organisation has officially declared a pandemic because of the rapid spread of the virus to multiple countries across the globe.

The COVID-19 virus turned out to be highly contagious and spreads easily from people to people through respiratory droplets from those infected. The symptoms also don’t emerge until 14 days upon infection and can even be mistaken as the common cold by those infected with mild cases.

This plays a huge part as to why the virus spread so rapidly because asymptomatic people infected by the virus are unknowingly spreading it to those they come in contact with. With hundreds of thousands of people already infected around the world with the numbers still rapidly rising in several countries, healthcare systems are heavily burdened with patients infected with the virus.

With that said, every person has the responsibility to take precautions and contribute to minimising the spread of the virus by avoiding the infection and avoid infecting others. How do you lessen your chances of getting infected by the COVID-19 virus? Here are important things to remember.

Wash Your Hands

It’s important to develop a habit of washing your hands now more than ever. The way eliminates the virus from if you have come into contact with it is to use warm water and soap to wash your hands. It’s also important to thoroughly scrub your hands with soap for at least 20 minutes to eliminate any virus you’ve come in contact with. Wash your hands every time you get home, before eating, after touching commonly touched items like light twitches or doorknobs, and after being in contact with other people.

Stay Home

Staying at home until the pandemic hasn’t ceased is a highly recommended idea. Ask your company is you can work from home instead of at the office if given the opportunity. With enough people staying at home causing minimum contact with other people outside, chances of the virus spreading are lessened. Create a routine while you’re at home to minimise boredom and unproductivity. This is an important thing to do to avoid getting infected, especially if there is a COVID-19 outbreak in your community.

Practice Social Distancing

If for whatever reason you need to venture outside of your home or don’t have the option to work from home, always practice social distancing. Avoid going to placed during their peak hours, avoid large crowds, and when you venture outside, always distance yourself from other people with at least 6 feet or 2 meters between yourself and another person.

This prevents you from potentially getting into contact with a person who’s sick and limits the further spreading of the virus even when you’re out and about.

Avoid Touching Your Face

Avoid touching your face is one of the most crucial things to remember to avoid getting infected with the COVID-19 virus. Most people have a habit of unconsciously touching their faces throughout the day but this should be avoided and people should resist the urge to touch their faces, especially when they’re outside and touching potentially contaminated surfaces.

The virus enters the body and gets people infected through contact with their eyes, nose, and mouth. So when you can’t resist the urge to touch your face, make sure to use hand sanitiser with 60 % alcohol content or wash your hands first before you touch your face.

Sanitise Your Environment

It’s important to minimise contamination for yourself and your environment so it’s highly recommended to fully sanitise your home to lessen the chance of the virus contaminating your environment. Regularly do sanitisations on your home throughout the week, especially for regularly touched surfaces like handles, light switches, and doorbells. When you’ve come from outside, make it a habit to remove your shoes outside the door and to also regularly clean your shoes. Do every precaution to prevent the spread of the virus, especially at your home.

Only Go Out for Essentials

Only go out when it’s necessary including for grocery shopping or buying medicine. Make sure that these things are essential to lessen your trips outside. Stock up on essentials when you go grocery shopping so that it can last you a week or two, not just a few days. This will prevent you from going to frequent trips outside whenever you’re low on stock.

Also, don’t go hoarding or panic buy things that you won’t need. Only buy the amount of grocery or household items that are enough for you and your family for the next couple of weeks.

Get Enough Sleep

Keep your immune system up and healthy by getting enough sleep. Get all the shut-eye you need now that you’re staying all day at home. People with weakened immune systems, which can be caused by not getting enough shut-eye, are more at risk with more severe the symptoms if they do get the virus.

Again, this is about taking all the precautions you can do to prevent the spread of the virus and getting staying as healthy as possible. Other tips to stay healthy is to have an exercise routine at home or stay out in the sun if you have a private outdoor area.

Avoid Non-essential Travel

During a pandemic, especially with a virus with a high infection rate, its best to avoid non-essential travel and using public transportation, especially planes, and ferries. There’s a higher risk of infection while you’re inside these transportations because people are usually in a limited contained space and the air is recycled causing bacteria and viruses to easily spread from person to person.


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